As a business owner, you need to outsource some equipment, services from other companies. One of the best practices in enterprise business is using a colocation center.
Colo data center definition. What is a colo facility?
A colocation center or colo or carrier hotel is a rented data center located in a secure physical site or a building. Enterprise companies rent data center colocation service and get infrastructure (building), cooling, power, bandwidth, physical security, etc., at a reasonable cost. Enterprise companies usually own only storage and servers.
Colocation solutions or Types of Colocation Facilities are Retail Colocation (space within a data center within a rack), Wholesale Colocation (lower power and space requirements than retail colo), Hybrid Cloud-Based Colocation (mix of in house and outsourced data center services). Common colocation features are Facilities, power, physical security, and cooling.
This minimizes overhead and optimizes communications efficiency for all participants as long because the infrastructure is sufficient to handle all the info sometimes of peak demand. A colocation center may be a sizable facility, often containing quite 5000 square meters (approximately 54,000 square feet) of floor space.
Businesses that enjoy colocation center’ utilization include internet site hosting companies, storage service colo providers, and telecommunications companies.
Colocation refers to the supply of space for a customer’s communications equipment on the service colo provider’s premises. For instance, the owner of an internet site can place the site’s servers on an online service provider (ISP). A colocation center provides colocation on a vast scale, offering various services to customers starting from modest-sized racks to dedicated rooms or groups of rooms. A colocation center can also house a gathering room where human representatives for all the businesses or guests served by the power can exchange information and common interest concepts.
When trying to find a data center, people often determine that the colocation center is an exciting choice. Because it goes with most collocation servers, most of its elements are rented. The rented paraphernalia include space, equipment, and bandwidth. Other facilities, like power, physical security, and climate control, also are available. The establishment is often connected to network services and telecommunication. Business taking advantage of the colocation center benefits is mostly thanks to the low cost and straightforward maintenance. The host already handles the upkeep. Therefore, it’ll not bother the business that rents the power.
To know the specification of the colocation center, let’s take a glance at its configuration. The cupboard of the carrier hotel consists of several racks that accommodate the colo server. If the host is sharing an equivalent place for the clients, the cabinet is slightly raised. It allows the colo servers to share equivalent electricity and cooling system. The space on the private colo server is enclosed. The solid partition is involved in guarding the colo server. Such a feature is usually known as the suites. Suites have a slightly creamy facility than standard space. Meanwhile, the modules are used on the quality space.
After taking the colocation center’s configuration into account, it’s also recommended to scrutinize the building’s features. The cooling system becomes the main crucial building feature. When getting used to process information, the server is usually heating up.
The raised temperature might cause severe damage to the component. To stop this from happening, it’s necessary to ensure that the temperature is low level. Alongside this climate control, fire protection is additionally implemented also. The hearth protection is required to guard the active and passive elements of the colocation center.
The last important thing that must be considered about the colocation center is physical security. To make sure that the server is protected, it’s often implemented in several layers.
Watchman is the frontline of this layer. It’s usually followed by CCTV also. The CCTV will keep an eye on any activities performed inside the collocation server. People that wish to access the power must have an access code. The authentication process is required so that only certain people with corresponding clearance can access the colocation center. The access code can take any form like an access card or PIN code.
Benefits of a Colocation Data Center
- Lower Costs
- Fewer Technical Staff
- Easy Scalability
- Exceptional Reliability
- Geographic Location
- Predictable Expenses
Features of the colo facility building
Because there is a large portion of cooling equipment noted on the exterior of a building or even sometimes on the top of the roof, this is often a strong indicator that the building possesses process data centers in the building’s interior. It is further noted that facilities that provide colocation to renters also possess many other distinctive features.
There is often the implementation of systems for the sake of fire protection. Such systems take into inclusion both active elements as well as passive ones. Also, there is the incorporation of programs for the sake of fire prevention. Moreover, to warn regarding the development of a fire at an early stage via the detection of particles that undergo generation due to smoldering components before the evolution of flames, there is the usage of fire alarms and smoke detectors.
This permits fire suppression at the manual level via the application of fire extinguishers, the ability to interrupt power, and the ability to investigate the fire can experience growth of massive size. There is further the use of sprinkler systems in many cases to grant the provision of control in such cases that a massive fire may develop. Then it is noted that there is the application of gaseous systems that may be used for the sake of fire suppression via the usage of clean agents even before the sprinkler systems turn on. Besides, it is realized that elements for fire protection that are noted as being passive, which take into inclusion the usage of firewalls that surround space to engage n the restriction of the fire to a certain area of a building for a short time if there is the malfunctioning of any of the protections systems against fire or if such systems are lacking as a result of having never been installed.
Racks are used for servers as well as data equipment. These racks are noted as measuring nineteen inches in size. Then there is the usage of racks to support equipment that is used for telecommunications. Such racks are noted as measuring twenty-three inches in size. There is the provision of cages and cabinets to provide control concerning the physical access for the renter’s equipment. Based on the renter’s needs, it is realized that a cabinet may contain one single rack or more racks as required.
Below are examples of colocation space in the world.
Colocation toulouse centre – Cogent France , 77 boulevard de la République, 92250 La Garenne Colombes, France
Sydney colocation data center – Equinix Sydney is part of our global interconnection platform that spans all 6 of Australia’s largest cities and 52 markets across the world.
Colocation Amsterdam centre – Luttenbergweg 4 1101 EC Amsterdam The Netherlands.
Colo center configuration
The reality is that a vast majority of providers of colocation resources tend to rent to a wide array of diverse renters, such as small businesses as well as enterprises that are massive in size. The norm is that the renter possesses its own equipment, while the center grants the provision of cooling and power. The renters retain control regarding the usage and design of the equipment. However, the colocation center provider is responsible for the management of the data center daily.
A cabinet is noted as a unit that can lock, which contains a rack for the server. When there is a data center with multiple renters, there is the sharing of floor space raised within the cabinets. As well, the cooling and power throughout the structure are shared by the renters.
Next, it is realized that a cage is noted as being a space that is designated for a server as part of the data center with the raised floor. There is the usage of mesh walls that surround the server. The cage can be accessed via the entrance of a door that has the capacity to lock.
A suite is then noted as a designated space to house a server that is considered private in essence. The suite is located in a data center that has a raised floor. There is the usage of solid partitions to ensure the complete enclosure of the server, which can be accessed via a door that has the capacity to lock. Suites are also realized as engaging in the sharing of the cooling and the structure’s power among other renters of the data center. Or they have access to the provision of such resources based on an ongoing agreement with the owner of the structure.
Modules of a data center are processed via purposeful engineering efforts and other elements to provide capacity in the scalable data center. It is the norm for there to be the usage of elements that are classified as being standardized in an effort for them to be easily transitioned via the processes of addition, retrofitting, or integration within the data centers that already exist. They are further regarded as being simpler to construct and are less costly. Within the conditions of an atmosphere of colocation, the data center module functions as a data center part of the already larger data center.
In fact, it possesses a designated protocol concerning the matter of security, and it possesses individual walls that are constructed of steel. Moreover, there is the application of a designated power source and cooling source. Many agencies that offer colocation center resources support using the modular method regarding data centers to provide superior resources for the needs of renters with the provision of actual build-outs. They permit renters to purchase a data center in the form of a type of service where the renter is obligated to pay only for the designated resources’ particular portion of consumption.
Colocation is priced according to the:
1-The degree of network connectivity is required.
2-The physical space that the servers require in the data center.
3-How the powers are being delivered to the cluster.
4-The amount of on-site support services being required.
FACILITIES PROVIDED BY THE COLOCATION:
-It provides the space to the providers’ data center. These facilities are particularly audited for the equipment.
-There is much low impedance electrical ground.
-Its data center has a backup generator with good battery backup systems and power supplies, which depends on the facilities being provided.
-It provides the system of cooling which protects the hardware
-It provides a high level of security and biometric authorization, and therefore it is safe.
ADVANTAGES/BENEFITS OF COLOCATION:
-Colocation service provides built-in advantages such as security, redundancy, and support at a reduced cost compared to on-site hosting and its plans are comprehensive packages. Some unpredictable variables, like costly equipment maintenance, power outages, etc., will be eliminated. By using colocation services, organizations can focus on their resources more efficiently and effectively.
-The companies using the colocation services are using their technology and technicians, and they themselves send them to the data centers for maintenance or any emergencies. It is possible to hire out the remote hands at the datacenter for replacing the defective part on a pay per use contract.
-colocation services provide smarter security, and the best services to the business who wanted to know about their data are safely guarded or even monitored for 24/7 hours. Colocation data centers are particularly located at a nearby distance from their clients’ headquarters.
COLOCATION VS CLOUD
The main difference between them how the data is being managed. In cloud services, the providers manage out the network elements, etc. The providers’ staff is responsible for elements like deploying, maintaining, and operating expenditure. In contrast, colocation requires organizations or businesses to be independent and set their servers and network elements.
The colocation provider may not offer cloud-managed services or migration services; hence you can also use the cloud services without being in a colocation service facility.