If you like spicy food, then you will like this article. Many freelancers today try to do business in agriculture, and some raise chilly peppers. One of the essential facts in this topic is the Scoville unit.
What is a Scoville unit?
Scoville scale represents the measurement system for spiciness or “heat” of chili peppers. Scoville heat units (SHU) represent the number of times capsaicin needs to be diluted by sugar-water and indicates the amount of the alkaloid capsaicin contained in hot peppers. Capsaicin is a colorless, odorless substance that does not dissolve in water.
Is the Scoville scale logarithmic?
No, chemically Scoville scale is a linear scale. This linear scale is accurate as measuring the number of times capsaicin needs to be diluted by sugar water. However, human perception can be pretty different for each tester.
For example, if you are tested on chili peppers of 5000 SHU, you may decide to give 7000 SHU because of your perception.
The scale was named after the American pharmacist Wilbur Scoville, who was the first to find a way to measure capsaicin in hot peppers. The first test that was performed was organoleptic. It was done so that a certain amount of dried peppers was dissolved in alcohol to extract the components that give spiciness (the mentioned capsaicinoids).
This substance would dissolve in an amount of water and sugar solution one hundred times greater than its mass. This solution would then be given to five trained tasters and diluted by the same procedure until at least three of them could feel any spiciness. The measure of spiciness would be based on this solution, i.e., how many times it was diluted.
Of course, there are already a couple of potential problems with the validity of this test. It is based on subjective assessment, and since different people have different taste/spiciness receptors, it cannot be accurate. Also, receptors can get used to capsaicinoids when we repeatedly expose them to them in a short time, and in that case, not feel angry even though we would otherwise feel it.
In the 1970s, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was perfected, a laboratory procedure used to separate components from a mixture. In the 80s, it became the primary technique for measuring spiciness. It accurately measures the concentration of capsaicinoids in a mix, making it the most reliable and valid method for measuring spiciness. It is mainly converted into Scoville units according to a specific formula. Of course, today, the results of measurements with this technique with the original organoleptic test share only the unit’s name because they are far more accurate.
Regardless of the technical accuracy of measuring the concentration of capsaicin in a mixture, there are still various problems in determining the hotness of peppers or sauces.
The binding of capsaicin molecules to receptors in the skin causes a nerve signal interpreted in the brain as a burning sensation and a burning sensation. The exact mechanism works when we consume spicy food, which explains that spicy food is not a taste but a feeling of fever in the mouth.
It is believed that such an effect also causes the secretion of endorphins (a natural hormone of happiness) that relieves pain. Moreover, consuming large amounts of very spicy foods can cause extremely high doses of endorphins, leading to euphoria. Capsaicin has been tested on human lung and pancreatic cancer cells and has been found to make cancer cell death.
In 1991, it was proven to reduce pain in muscles, joints, and nerves if applied in various tinctures. Fighting digestive bacteria increases the secretion of the digestive fluid in the stomach, which improves digestion, stabilizes appetite, reduces hunger, and prevents the formation of fat cells. It also stimulates the cardiovascular system and lowers cholesterol and blood pressure. However, although hot peppers are very medicinal, excessive intake can cause or worsen gastritis.
Here we can see Scoville’s scale of peppers hotness, from zero peppers to zero, to the hottest peppers in the world, Carolina Reaper, which can be as high as 2,200,000, and below it is Trinidad Scorpion. It is the second hottest pepper globally, amounting to a little less than 2,000,000, but it is still a little more extreme than the peppers are (I mention this because almost when the numbers are so high, 2,000,000 are not so big a difference).
When we take, for example, from this scale tabasco, which can amount to up to 50,000 Scoville, you can only imagine the spiciness of Carolina. But if you think that this is the worst thing, you are mistaken. Inedible substances bring out even more cocoons that our bodies could not stand.
People have come up with ways to create that level of spiciness. With the help of chemistry, they made an edible version of these things with approximately the same concoction to create a feeling of spiciness.
How many Scoville units is Takis?
Takis rolled corn tortilla chip has between 8000 up to 9000 Scoville units. Takis has a salty, spicy, intense taste and is very acidic. This brand of corn chips is distributed by Mexican snack-food maker Barcel.
All flavors such as Fuego, Nitro, Blue Heat, and Crunchy Fajitas have between 8000 and 50000 Scoville units of spiciness.
Read more about Takis and how many Scoville units is Takis in our separate article.
How many Scoville units is a ghost pepper?
Ghost pepper has a maximum of 1,041,427 Scoville units. Ghost pepper or Bhut Jolokia grows in India, and it is in second place on the Scoville pepper scale.
The ghost pepper is so spicy that people in India make Ghost Pepper bombs as a safety precaution to keep wild elephants at a distance.
Ghost pepper or Bhut Jolokia is usually red color pepper, and it is presented below:
How many Scoville units is Melinda’s ghost pepper wing sauce?
Melinda’s ghost pepper wing sauce has around 1 million Scoville units because this sauce is made from Bhut Jolokia chile from Northeast India.
How many Scoville units is a jalapeno?
Jalapeno peppers have from 2500 up to 8000 Scoville units. Jalapeno represents a medium-sized green chile pepper pod-type cultivar of the species lat—capsicum annuum.
Jalapeno is presented below:
How many Scoville is mango habanero?
Mango habanero has around 300,000 Scoville units. Usually, the typical habanero has up to 350 000 Scoville units, while chocolate habanero can have up to 385 000 Scoville units and Red saving habanero the highest 577 000 Scoville Units.
Mango habanero has a spicy and sweet taste and perfect sweetness to contrast the flamin’ peppers.
How many Scoville units are Buffalo Wild Wings mango habanero?
Buffalo Wild Wings mango habanero has around 300,000 to 350,000 Scoville units. Usually, the typical habanero has up to 350 000 Scoville units, while chocolate habanero can have up to 385 000 Scoville units and Red saving habanero the highest 577 000 Scoville Units.
How hot is wasabi in Scoville units?
Wasabi does have Scoville units because wasabi belongs to the cabbage family. Scoville units measure only the spiciness of chilly peppers.
How many Scoville is the Last Dab?
Last Dab sauce has more than 2 million Scoville units. However, powder sauces and fresh chilly peppers spices do not have the same level of taste hotness. In my personal opinion, the Last Dab has around 350 000 Scoville units similar to Habanero or Fatali.
The spice product made with fresh peppers may have an equal SHU (Scoville units) as a powder or consequence made with pure capsaicin, but they will be about 5 and 20 times milder.
How many Scoville is Diablo Sauce?
Diablo Sauce has between 300 000 up to 350 000 Scoville units. In my opinion, this sauce is not so hot, and natural sauce from fresh chilly papers for me is more spice than diablo Sauce.
How many Scoville units are extra hot Cheetos?
Extra hot Cheetos has between 50 000 up to 100 000 Scoville units. There are mixed data about these Cheetos spiciness. I didn’t find any scientific research paper or proof that anybody measured using Scoville units this product.
How many Scoville units is the End Hot Sauce?
End Hot Sauce has 6 million Scoville units based on the product description. However, there are differences between natural fresh chilly pepper and powder sauce in the level of spiciness.
How many Scoville units is Tapatio?
Tapatio sauce has 3 000 Scoville units. This sauce is made based on Tabasco sauce which is 2500 SCO. In my opinion, this sauce has a medium spice level. However, the taste is strong because of garlic and red pepper.
How many Scoville units is Da Bomb?
Da Bomb has 1 500 000 Scoville units based on product description. Some portals give 135 600 Scoville units. This sauce is more additive than sauce and has an explosive taste.
Many people ask for medical help because this sauce can cause a high pain level in the first 10 minutes.
What is the Scoville level of Blazin sauce?
Blazin sauce has 350 000 Scoville units. This sauce uses jalapeno peppers. In my personal opinion, Blazin sauce tends to have a little bit of a vinegar node, so I do not prefer this sauce.
How many will Scoville units kill you?
If you have 150 pounds (68 kg), you need to eat more than 13g of capsaicin from pepper to die. In other words, you need to eat either 130 kg chilly pepper or 5.2 kg red paper to die because of capsaicin overdose. Scoville units will not kill you directly; the only amount of capsaicin in the fresh pepper sauce can hurt you.
Chilly pepper has 0.1 mg capsaicin per chilly pepper, while red pepper has 2.5 mg capsaicin per 1 gram of red pepper.